4 to 5 Years
Congratulations! All of your hard work in parenting your child has helped to prepare your child for school! If your four year old is not in school, give them lots of opportunities to be involved in group activities or programs.
At this stage, your child is capable of playing games with simple rules. Your four year-old will ask lots of questions, such as "How?" and "Why?" By five years of age, your child will enjoy having conversations with people about things that they find interesting.
Growth and Development
Your child's self-esteem and confidence is growing!
Your child is full of energy. They are more independent. Children at this stage can undo buttons, zippers and feed themselves. As they learn to control their behaviour, your child will sometimes be co-operative and, at other times, they will not be co-operative.
Your child can now walk on a straight line, and hop on one foot. They will sort items by shape, size and colour. During this stage, your child will start to play well in a group and follows rules. Your child will speak clearly in adult-like sentences most of the time.
What you can do to help your child grow and develop:
Toys to offer:
Speech and Language Development
By talking with your child, singing with your child, and reading with your child you start the process for life long learning. Your child's communication skills will develop over time. By five years of age your child will have learned most of their language skills and will be talking to you in complete sentences.
By 5 years of age, your child will:
You can encourage your child's speech and language development by singing or saying a simple rhyme with them. Learn the words and actions to Tony Chestnut Knows I Love You. Remember to maintain eye contact with your child, relax, and have fun. You can find more communication tips for this age group at the York Region Preschool Speech and Language Program website.
For more information on growth and development or speech and language development, visit Programs & Resources.
Parenting can be a challenge. We can help.
For more information or to speak with a Public Health Nurse, please contact
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